AP Banner

AP Essays 1970-1994 1995-2017

Binder PDFs


 COURSE SCHEDULE & RESOURCES 2017-2018: Ms. Margaret Bahe
Tuesday and Thursday Labs

BioInFocusImage Bio in focus SG AP lab manual
biology collage
Jump to Specific Units by clicking below:
Fall Semester Spring Semester
  • Resouces Canvas for JBS
  • Course Overview Binder pages 1-46
  • Unit 1: Chemistry of Life, especially water; Apply to Seed Germination & Xylem Transport Binder pages 47-86
  • Unit 2: Cell Structure & Membrane Transport; Apply to Phloem Transport Binder pages 87-140
  • Unit 3: Metabolism & Enzymes; Apply to Human Digestion Binder pages 141-172
  • Unit 4: Energy Process - Respiration; Apply to Gas Exchange Systems Binder pages 173-218
  • Unit 5: Energy Process - Photosynthesis; Apply to adaptations for Environmental conditions Binder pages 219-252
  • Unit 6: Cell Division & Regulation of Division; Binder pages 253-314
  • Unit 7: Cell Signaling & Communication; Apply to (esp. Reproductive) Hormones & Immunity Binder pages 315-366
  • Fall Final Exam Pages 367-374
  • Unit 8: DNA, Protein Synthesis; Apply to Biotechnology Binder pages 1-118
  • Unit 9: Genetics & Inheritance Binder pages 119-156
  • Unit 10: Natural Selection & The Origin & Diversity Life Binder pages 157-266
  • Unit 11: Interactions: Neurons, Muscles & Plant/Animal Behavior Binder pages 267-312
  • Unit 12: Interactions: Ecology Binder pages 313-374
  • Review Separate Binder TBA(Coming in late April)

RESOURCES FOR AP BIOLOGY
Textbook Campbell's Biology in Focus, 2nd Edition, published in 2017. Sections indicated from the syllabus are from this text. Students need not bring their texts to class unless specifically asked to do so. Students can also access the text online. Use the text as a resource to explain the topics discussed in class and lab.

Study Guide &
Reading Guides

Study guide to accompany Campbell's Biology in Focus, 1st edition. Specific sections from each chapter will be noted on the syllabus. In addition, students will find a wealth of study aids on the webite that accompanies Campbell's Biology in Focus, located here. Reading guides may become available for our new text. Mr. Knuffle's Prezi's
Lab Manual AP Biology Investigative Labs (published by the College Board) plus numerous addtional labs described in handouts in the class binder. Updates to the first edition are available here. The HHMI guide to statistics is extremely helpful and so are these powerpoints on statistics from ilovebiology.net.
Lab Results &Notebook Students will keep a record of their laboratory work in their notebook/binder, including all raw data collection and documentation of their laboratory investigations. Students will also be writing formal lab reports and data analysis on most of their investigations.

Syllabus

Canvas

Students will use the syllabus below for both daily and long term asssignments. Due dates and specific details may be adjusted during class. Reading assignments should be completed before class, although "pop quizzes" will never be given. Some students find reading more helpful after having heard discussion of the topics. The textbook should be used as just one of many available resources to help clarify concepts. Often a short (8-15 minute) video clip is offered to present the content in addition to the text.
Binder Students will receive both a Fall Binder, a Spring Binder and a Review binder. These binders should be brought to class and lab everyday. They contain diagrams, handouts, worksheets, lab descriptions, practice problems, and other useful materials for the efficient flow of class. Students should add their own notes directly to this binder. Binder Pages as PDFs
Reading About Biology

 UNIT #1

 1: THE CHEMISTRY OF LIFE: Binder Pages: Unit1

Week 1: August 24 - 25: school begins (Two Days)
Lab 2

Quick Introduction to course Themes ppt (may not be used) & The Four Big Ideas;
Marshmallow Challenge (Reference)
Discuss experimental design for Seed Germination Experiment (Set up on Monday) (See Binder pg. 51-52)
How to write a strong research report
How to Write a Research Hypothesis (from NABT)

Welcome Back!!
Here is where the assignment for this day would be listed.
Class 3

Chemistry for Biology (Use the periodic table Binder pg. 49-50);
Chem Review ppt

Text 2.1 - 2.4** or Watch chemistry Background for Biology (kind of dull but helpful) (Organization items listed on the assignment for the weekend.)

**Nearly everything we talk discuss in Chemistry today should be review since you have had an entire year of chemistry. A couple of concepts will be indispencible, so concentrate on isotopes, energy levels, valence shell electrons, electronegativity & bonding.
Week 2: August 28 - Sept. 1
Class 1

Lab Set Up: Scientific Method: Design an Experiment: Seed Germination (Binder 51-52)

 

Text 1.1 (Skim), 1.2 (Skim), 1.3 (Read)** (See below)
Read Science Policies Binder pg. 3; Register for Campbell's website (Binder pg 4);
Sign the Safety contract (pg. 5)
Find our class website;
Download the AP Bio essays (see top) to your computer.
Insert Dividers into binder (See above box for pages # on units) Look thru Binder 7-46 just to see what's there. Optional: Don't let this happen to you! I'm here to help!
**Use your text as a reference. Much of the Biology content of the course will be discussed in class and your text will serve to help explain that content in another way. You may read the content before or after class; you will never have a "pop quiz" on a night's reading but sometimes you will be expected to be ready to discuss the reading in classs.
Lab 1

Lab Activities: Water's Properties; (Binder pg. 61-62)
Water Properties ppt;
How to write a research hypothesis from NABT
Lab: Check Seeds

Two new Bozeman videos: Ocean Acidification and Coral Bleaching

Text 2.5; Nice short summary hereComplete Chemistry Review (Binder 57-59) Answers to Chem Review - check yours;
OPTIONAL: Watch Bozeman's Water - A Polar Molecule
Class 2 Application: Water Transport in Plants: check Seeds Text 29.5 - Pay particular attention to how the properties of water are used in the process of water transport & Watch Plant Transport: Xylem & Phloem (Med. Animations) (5.5 min)
Lab 2 Introduce and Practice using EXCEL for data tables and graphs -
Use seed data; (See Introduction to Data Analysis 73-75)
Text 3.1**(Reading ahead about Carbon)
Watch "Making a Line Graph in Excel" (6.5 minutes - use as future resource)
**I will ask you to memorize the functional groups in figure 3.6: name, formula (from pg. 47) and properties conferred (from class); you could make some notecards to help you learn these.
Class 3

Carbon & Functional Groups (Use Binder pg. 65) Carbon ppt
Use organic molecules models All Organic Molecules ppt
Discuss writing the first essay

Text 3.2 - 3.3

Week 3: Sept 4 - 8 (4 DAYS --  No Mon. Labor Day)
Class 1

No School - Labor Day

No School
Lab 1 Finish discussion of water transport in plants
AP Lab #11: (Begin) Transpiration in Plants: Set up (Binder pg. 67);
Input data into Google Spreadsheet (See your email)
Read AP Lab Manual pg. 135 - 137; Write Essay #129 on water (See below)
Essay #129: The unique properties (characteristics) of water make life possible on Earth.  Select three properties of water and:
a.  For each property, identify and define and explain it in terms of the physical/chemical nature of water.
b.  For each property, describe one example of how the property affects the functioning of living organisms
Class 2

Finish Functional Groups
Introduce Polymers; Carbohydrates (Binder diagrams pg. 77+and on)
Use organic molecules models All Organic Molecules ppt

Watch Bozeman's Carbohydrates
Remember to work on your seed germination lab report

Lab 2

AP Lab #11: Measuring Stomate Densities
Put data into Google Spreadsheet
HHMI Guide to Statistics
can be helpful here
LAB: Use Excel to add error bars to the seed germination graphs. Print. Discuss evaluation of the data. Due next lab period.

Text 29.6; Watch video: Bozeman's Finding Stomata (4.5 minutes) and watch How Stomata Can Open & Close (1.5 min.)
Remember to work on your seed germination lab report
Class 3

Finish Carbohydrates (Binder pg. 77+) & Begin Lipids (Binder pg. 81+) All Organic Molecules ppt

Text 3.4 and/or watch Bozeman's Lipids;
Write answers to Stomate Questions (Handed out in class or link provided)
Remember to work on your seed germination lab report
Week 4: Sept. 11 - 15
Class 1 Finish Lipids; Begin discussion of protein structure (Binder 82+); build with toobers

Text 3.5 Watch Bozeman's Proteins;
Remember to work on your seed germination lab report

Lab 1

AP Lab #11: Transpiration in Plants: Follow-up; (Binder pg. 67-70); Plant Structure & Transport (Binder 63-64);
Determine leaf surface area; calculate water loss per surface area unit; Discuss evaluation of data
Transport in Plants ppt

Optional: simulation for the effect of temperature on the rate of transpiration with a new technique to measure transpiration -

Complete Lab on Seed Germination (Two data tables & two graphs with EXCEL with error bars; short conclusion - items #1-3 from Discussion Binder p. 10) - Due TODAY
Useful videos:
How to add error bars to Excel graph (nice accent);
How to add error bars in Google Chart.
Class 2

Complete proteins (Binder pg. 82+) All Organic Molecules ppt
Model protein structure with toober toys
Complete discussion of organic molecules; Review for test

LOOK BELOW TO THE WHITE BOX FOR INFORMATION FOR YOUR TEST!

Practice identifying the organic molecules illustrated on Binder Page 85;
Watch: Bozeman The Molecule sof Life reviews Carbon, Groups, & organics (10 min);
Look over objectives - What questions do you have?
Lab 2

Lab Skills: Using spreadsheets to do calculations, create data tables, calculate statistics, and draw graphs for transpiration lab. (Binder 67-70+); you should leave lab today with all data done for at least one question. (Final Transpiration Lab Report is due Sept. 28)
Useful Video: Adding Error Bars in Excel (2 min)
Intro to Statistics ppt

Text 3.4
Reminder: useful video: How to add error bars to excel graph (nice accent).
Optional Statistics fun: Look at these Spurious Correlations
Optional/ Abssentees: Here is a good summary of protein strucutre by Dr. Dave: Protein Structure (11 min)


Class 3

Review for test

LOOK BELOW TO WHITE BOX FOR INFORMATION FOR YOUR TEST!

Work on Transpiration Lab: Make table and graph for question 1 (Stomate density table/graph might be useful here); Due Sept. 29
Watch: Summary of What is a Protein? (3.5min) Includes some function examples
Optional: Denaturation of proteins -
Week 5: sept. 18 - 22 (Blue & Gold week)(4 Days - Rosh Hashanah on Thurs.)

Class 1 TEST: Unit #1 (See essay question below)
Chapters: 1 , 2, 3, parts of 29 (29.5 - 29.6)
Prepare for TEST
Write Essay Question #
Test Essay 57. Discuss the biological importance of each of the following organic compounds in relation to cellular structure and function in plants and animals. Include how the structure of these molecules allows them to carry out these functions. a. Carbohydrates. b. Proteins c. Lipids. d. Nucleic acids {Comments: Ignore nucleic acids for now. Don't restrict yourself to only cellular structure & function. Do other levels too. The last sentence in italics is mine; it's not part of the original question.}
STUDY GUIDES Ch. 1: Focus Questions: 1.1, 1.4, 1.5 - 1.7 Structure your knowledge: 1 (write these on page 5 in the study guide) Multiple Choice: 1-3, 5, 6
Ch. 2: Focus Questions: All except 2.12 Structure your knowledge:1, 3Multiple Choice: All except 22 and 43
Ch. 3: Focus Questions: All (write 3.9 to the left- include at least 8 links) except 3.10 (we will not study nucleic acids now) Structure your knowledge: 2 and 3 Matching All except 3 and 6 Multiple Choice: All except 6, 14, 22, and 24-26
OTHERS

Objectives for Unit #1
Working With Data: Feminization of Frogs, Testing Significance, Protein Structure

ESSAYS 149, 193,129, 199, 110, 35, 57, 110, 127, 152, 185,  31, 48a, 55a, 99, 109, 125, 134, 158, 175, 199, 212, 229
VIDEOS The videos section of the resurces provides links to videos that either are short snippets on individual concepts, or they are 10-15 minute presentations on a larger topic. Those done by Bozemen Science (by an AP Bio teacher named Paul Anderson) are the best. If you'd like to hear another point of view, listen to a presentation a second time, like to review orally, or need to make up a lesson becaue of an absence, then these Bozeman videos are for you. Peter Raven's site has numerous short animations on many topics we study.
VIDEOS & MORE

Mr. Anderson (Bozeman Science) can walk you through
- Biological Molecules
- Molecules of Life
- Polymers
- Carbohydrates
- Lipids
- Proteins
- Water: A Polar Molecule
- Acids, Bases & pH
- Plant Nutrition and Transport
From 3D Medical Animations: (Great Visuals)
- Plant Transport in xylem and phloem


Need a little more on Protein structure? Check out Kristina Gremski's Proteins Part 1 and Proteins Part II.
Feeling weak on your chemistry? check out chemistry Background for Biology (by Gremski)
Kahn Academy has lots to offer for Chemistry Topics (Over 100!) You might like bonds, Periodic table, balancing equations, & pH

Statistics: Correlation is not Causation
Mr. Anderson teach some statistics: Chi-Square Test, Standard Deviation, Standard Error and Statistics for Science
How to add error bars to Excel Graph (nice accent!)
Ted Talk: Marshmallow Challenge
A Professor uses the Archerfish for Asking Scientific Questions
FYI: Game/Puzzle on Protein Folding Video about the designer

 UNIT # 2

 CELL STRUCTURE & MEMBRANE TRANSPORT Binder Pages: Unit 2

Lab 1 Return Tests
AP Lab #4: Diffusion & Cell Size; Diffusion & Solute Size; Cell Races; (Binder pg. 91+)
Demo: Celery &Carrots; Demo Iodine & Starch
Discuss Parts 3 & 4 of Lab concerning Water Potential
Text 5.1 - 5.2; Watch Bozeman's The Cell Membrane (6.5 min)
Read & Bring AP Lab Manual Lab #4 Intro pg. 51 - 54
Work on Transpiration Lab: Make table and graph for question 2 (Stomate density table/graph might be useful here); Due Sept 29
RadioLab (NPR) has a fun and interesting segment analyzing why small cells like sperm and bacterium need special adaptations for movement. 5 minutes of interest - scroll down to the video at Comparing Sperm Whales To Sperm: A Swimming Contest
Class 2 - Need to be in Lab

Transport in Cells
Lab: Set up AP Lab #4: Part 3: Solute Concentration (Binder 91+); Set up Google Sheet for AP Lab #4 Bahe will re-mass after 30 min.

Text 5.3;
Make your third table and graph for the transpiration lab (HINT: You've done the calculations for the two controls; just organize the two controls into one data table in a separate sheet). Begin to write the conclusions for Transpiration Lab. (Due Sept 29)
Lab 2

No School: Rosh Hashanah

No School
Lab 2

AP Lab #4: Parts 3 & 4: Solute Concentration and Diffusion Rates; Determining Water Potential (Binder 88+); Set up Google Doc for AP Lab #4
NOTE: In 2017-2018- This Lab Day is unavailable

Text 5.3**
Complete AP Lab #4 parts 1 & 2 (Binder pages 91-93)
**This reading, Text 5.3, will make much more sense after today's lab.
Class 3

Share Data from Part 3: Solute Concentration and Diffusion Rates
Calculate the Percent Change in Mass
Discuss Transport Across Membranes (Use Binder page 101-109+- outline)
Case Study

Text 5.4 - 5.5 Watch Bozeman's Transport Across Membranes and Membrane Transport in Cells Symport, Antiport, Co-transport [3D Animation] Work on AP Lab #4 Parts 1 & 2 (Diffusion & Osmosis) & Transpiration Lab
Week 6: Sept. 25 - 29 (Bahe @ Drey LaND, Session 1, wed - Sun.);
Class 1

NEED TO DISCUSS WATER POTENTIAL

Cell Structure & Function (Binder pg. 113+) Cell Structure ppt
Osmoregulation in fish (See Bozeman Osmoregulation)

Text 4.1 - 4.4** (like videos? Try Bozeman's Cellular Organelles);
Work on AP Lab #4 Pasrts 1, 2 & 3 (Diffusion & Osmosis) & Transpiration Lab conclusions
**You will need to memorize cell organelles, their structure (recognize in a diagram), and their functions. Start now making some flash cards -- remember -- you will benefit from making your own flashcards! Continue making flashcards with tomorrow night's reading.
Lab 1

AP Lab #4: Part 4: Set up Determining Water Potential (Binder 91+); Set up Google Doc for Part 4
LAB: If time, do Part 5: Plasmolysis in Plant (Red Onion & Elodea) cells (Binder pg. 99)

Lab: Microscopes & Cell Structure (Binder pg. 121+); Turn in labeled sketches at the end of lab (Parts of a microscope)No Time 2017-2018

Text 4.5-4.7;
Watch What is Plasmolysis (1 min. Med. Animations)
Finish up Transpiration Lab (Due Sept. 29) by finishing the conclusions.
(Like to preview today's lab? Try Bozeman's Osmosis Lab WalkThrough and Water Potential (Both for AP Lab #4 Part 4)

Class 2

Finish Cell Structure & Function (Binder 113+)
Membrane Structure & Function Modeling Diffusion (Binder 101+)
Cell Membranes & Transport ppt

Text 5.4 - 5.5 (Bozeman's video on Cell Membrane Structure & Cell Walls is quite good) and write one paragraph to address--> "If you were a single celled organism, what size and shape would be your ideal? Explain."
Use lab, text, & Bozeman's video on Why are cells small? for ideas.
Lab 2

Follow-up to Lab Part 4: Determine the Water Potential of Potato and Vegetables; Calculate percent change in mass; Share data in Google Doc; work on all parts of the lab - Due Monday

LAB: If needed, do Part #5 - Plasmolysis in Elodea and Red Onion

 

Practice Labeling typical Cells (Binder 123-124)
Finish up Transpiration Lab (Due Sept. 29) by finishing the conclusions and polishing your tables and graphs.
Class 3 Review Cell Structure & Function (Binder 131+)
Try Practice sample water potential problems (Binder 132+)

Text 29.2 and 29.7;
Remember Bozeman's Water Potential video.
Complete Transpiration Lab: DUE TODAY! Organize sections by question. Print BEFORE class. Print before you come to class. Staple in the order of : Q1: Table, Graph Conclusion, Q2: Table, Graph, Conclusion, and Q3: Table, Graph, Conclusion.

Week 7: Oct. 2 - 6 (Saturday is Blue & Gold Dance)
Class 1 Application: Food Transport in Plants (Binder pg. 139) Transport in Plants ppt and Water Regulation in Fish (Binder 140)
Try a couple sample water potential problems

Watch Phloem Loading (2.3 min);
AP Lab #4: Complete All Parts, 1-5, of Lab Due Today (Binder pg. 91-99)

Lab 1

Lab: Measuring the Rate of Enzyme Catalyzed Reactions - Learn technique; choose a variable (Binder pg. 143+)

Try Water Potential Sample questions (Binder pg. 132+ #TBA) Answers will be posted here.
Class 2

Test: Unit #2; Chapters 4 and 5 (not section 5.6)

CHANGED TO FRIDAY

Prepare for TEST
STUDY GUIDES Ch. 4: Focus Questions: 4.1 - 4.6 Structure your knowledge: 1 - 4 (Use just a short hrase to summarize the sunction of each for #2, ) Multiple Choice: All except 3, 14 - 16
Ch. 5: Focus Questions: 5.1 - 5.8 Structure your knowledge: 2 Multiple Choice: 1 - 18 (some of these are quite challenging)
TEST ESSAY

#137. Cells transport substances across their membranes.  Choose THREE of the following four types of cellular transport.

  • Osmosis
  • Active Transport
  • Facilitated Diffusion
  • Endocytosis
    For each of the Three transport types you choose,
    a)  describe the transport process and explain how the organization of cell membranes functions in the movement of specific molecules across membranes; and
    b)  explain the significance of each type of transport to a specific cell (you may use different cell types as examples.)
OTHERS Objectives for Unit #2
ESSAYS 1, 27, 41, 58, 70, 75, 94, 113, 117a, 127, 152, 137, 156, 156c, 168D, 170, 173, 177,
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson of Bozeman can help you with
- Cellular Organelles
- Compartmentalization,
- Cell Membrane Structure & Cell Walls,
- Transport Across Cell Membranes,
- SA/Vol Ratios.(Environmental Matter Exchange)
- Why are cells small?
- LAB: Diffusion Demo (How to Cut & Set up Potato cores)
- LAB: Water Potential - Discussion & Calculation
- Osmoregulation



You can try the Kahn Academy lectures for
- Parts of a Cell
- Diffusion & Osmosis
- Na+/K+ Pump

Take a tour of animal cell
Interactive from Learn Genetics: Cell Size & Scale
Youtube: Phloem Loading


 UNIT # 3

 3: METABOLISM & DIGESTION Binder Pages Unit 3

Lab 2

Return Tests
Lab: Measuring the Rate of Enzyme Catalyzed Reaction - Run experiment; Making a Mini-Poster; Mini-Poster template (Binder pg. 147)

Read Text 6.1;
Think about your design for a controlled procedure to answer your question about enzyme rates;
watch Bozeman's Enzymes .
Class 3

Test: Unit #2; Chapters 4 and 5 (not section 5.6)

CHANGED TO FRIDAY

Prepare for TEST - See above white box for Test Essay & Study Guide sections
Class 3

Introduction to Metabolism, Thermodynamics & ATP (Binder pg. 149+) Metabolism, ATP & Enzymes ppt

Text 6.2 & 6.4 - Metabolism, Free Energy, & ATP (like video in addition? Try Bozeman's ATP);
Do Watch Bozeman's Life Requires Energy for a big picture overview of energy & life;
(ABSENT TODAY? Try Energetics ppt (8.9MB) to review class)
Week 8: Oct. 9 - 13 (no school Fri - Report Writing)
Class 1 Continue Introduction to Metabolism, Thermodynamics & ATP (Binder pg. 149+) Metabolism, ATP & Enzymes ppt
Can use Binder pg. 157-160 chemical Reactions & Energy KEY POSTED HERE; Gibbs Free Energy;
ATP; Activation Energy & Enzymes;

Text 6.3 & 6.5
Watch Bozeman's Gibbs Free Energy; Work on Lab Mini-Poster;
Bring (not do) Binder pages Chemical Reactions & Energy (Binder 157-160); we may work on this in class after discussion.
Lab 1 AP Lab #13: Experiment using Turnip Peroxidase (In lab manual) -- Learn technique (Also binder pg. 151+); Design experiment for new question Work on Mini-Poster on Catalase Investigation;
Read AP Lab Manual pg. 153 - 156 and/or watch video (13 min) AP Lab #13: Enzyme Activity with Peroxidase
Class 2

ATP; Activation Energy & Enzymes;
Enzyme Regulation - Cofactors, Inhibition, Membrane Placement (Binder 155-156)

Complete Mini-Poster on Catalase Investigation;
Work on Mini-Poster on Catalase Investigation;
Write brief answers to Chemical Reactions & Energy (Binder pg. 157-160) and compare your thoughts to the Key (not collected for points) - try some for today and some for tomorrow.
Lab 2

AP Lab #13: Design and run an experiment to determine the optimal pH of peroxidase in one plant material (Team); Data Discussed & Shared in Lab

Finish writing answers to Chemical Reactions & Energy (Binder pg. 157-160) and compare your thoughts to the Key; Complete Mini-Poster on Catalase Investigation;
 
 
Class 3

No School: Report Writing

No School
Week 9: Oct. 16 - 20 (Fall Play - practices & Performances)(4 Days - No Mon.)
Class 1

No School

No School
Lab 1

Application: Adaptations in Digestive Systems, especially the human system (Binder pg. 161+)
Lots of YouTube videos on digestive adaptations. Digestion ppt

33.2 - 33.3** (Digestive Sytsems); Watch Bozeman's The Digestive System (10 min), concentrate on anatomy & enzymes;

**As you read, pay particular attention to adaptations that increase the efficiency for mechanical and chemical digestion as well as absorption. Interesting article: Can Gut Bacteria Explain Your Mood?
Class 2

Application: Digestive Enzymes in the Human System (Binder pg. 161+) The Digestive System ppt

If Time: Intro/Overview to Cellular Respiration and glycoloysis(Binder diagrams pg. 183+) Cell Respiration ppt

Text 33.4 (Adaptations)
Text 7.1** (next unit)

Watch Bozeman's Intro Cellular Respiration Lab (Good Intro; alternate method is not our method, however);
**For respiration and photosynthesis, you do NOT need to memorize the process. You need to be able to read the diagrams and answer questions about the process. You are likely to be presented with the diagrams.
Lab 2

AP Lab #6: Design an experiment to Measure Rate of Cellular Respiration (For Gas Law review) (Binder pg. 177+) Lab Seed Respiration pptAP Lab #6: Design an experiment to Measure Rate of Cellular Respiration (For Gas Law review) (Binder pg. 177+) Lab Seed Respiration ppt



Read & Bring AP Lab Manual pg. 71 - 72; Complete Peroxidase Lab Follow-up (explained in class - Questions, Graphs & a conclusion statement)
Try Bozeman's Cellular Respiration. It will be helpful to watch again AFTER we have discussed the process.
Class 3

Complete Intro/Overview to Cellular Respiration and glycoloysis(Binder diagrams pg. 183+) Cell Respiration ppt
Start Kreb's Cycle; Electron Transport Chain
Cell Respiration ppt

Text 7.2 - 7.4;
Watch Bozemen the Importance of Oxygen;
Label Binder pg. 171 (bottom); Write one paragraph to answer the digestive question below. Optional: Animation of Cellular Resp. Stages (6 min)
The digestive system ingests, digests, and absorbs nutrients. Identify and explain one specific example within the human digestive system that illustrates each of the following:
(A) an adaptation to increase surface area for absorption
(B) an adaptation to increase the surface area of a substrate for enzymatic attack
(C) an adaptation to protect the system lining from digesting itself

 UNIT # 4

ENERGY PROCESSES, CELLULAR RESPIRATION & GAS EXCHANGE Binder Pages: Unit 4

Week 10: Oct. 23 - 27
Class 1 TEST: Unit #3; Chapters: 6, 33 (parts 33.2 - 33.5)
Second Period:
Prepare for TEST
Essay #145 for the test (See Objectives)

STUDY GUIDES Ch. 6: Focus Questions: All Structure your knowledge: 1 and 2 (try to answer these in one short sentence each) Fill in the Blanks: 1-10 Multiple Choice: All
Ch. 33: Focus Questions: All except 33.8 Structure your knowledge: 1 Multiple Choice: 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
TEST ESSAY Write Essay #145 outside of class and bring to the test. (See the end of your objectives; /the essay and it's associated graph is written there.).
OTHERS Objectives for Unit #3;
ESSAYS 26, 52, 81, 97, 123, 134, 145, 170, 185, 194, 202, 11, 49, 84, 90, 125, 154, 193, 199, 11, 49, 84, 90, 125, 154, 226
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson can talk you through...
- and overview of cellular energetics in general (respiration and photosynthesis)
- Gibbs free energy and why life requires it
- ATP
- how matter cycles: the hidden part of cell respiration
- Enzymes
- the digestive system

National Geographic: the Digestive System (5 min - kind of gross but interesting video footage)
Iken Edu's Learn About Digestive System (Soothing English accent)


Kahn Academy will explain
- ATP and
- how ATP is hydrolyzed as well as fill you in on
- enzymes (catalysis, activation eenrgy, induced fit, structure & function)

AP Lab #13: Enzyme Activity with Perioxidase

About the enzyme catalase from the RCSB PDB Protein Data Bank

Lab 1 Lab: Respiration at the organismal level: Human Lung Volumes & Breathing Rates (Binder pg. 199+) Lab Lung Volumes & Breathing Rates ppt Finish Follow up to AP Lab #6, Rate of Cellular Respiration (explained in class);
Text 7.6 and 34.6;
watch Bozeman's the Respiratory System (9 min) and part of Homeostatic Evolution (about respiratory system evolution from min. 7:30 - 11:20)
We won't be covering the human body completely. Here is an interesting video with lots of visuals about Inside the Living body (90 min.)
Class 2 Krebs Cycle;
Electron Transport Chain; Account for all ATP production;
Text 34.5;
Optional: Bozeman's the Mitochondrion
Lab 2

Thermoregulation: Binder page 213
Lab: The Effect of Temperature on the Heart Rate of Daphnia (Homeostasis) Binder 215+-- Lab Daphnia & Thermoregulation ppt

Watch Bozeman's Thermoregulation (5 min) and
Watch Bozeman's explanation of the Q10 calculation (3.5 min) and
Watch Undead zombie flowers of Skunk Cabbage (Plant melts snow)
Class 3 Anerobic Respiration;
Application: Adaptations of Human Respiratory systems (Binder pg. 209+) Respiratory Systems & Gas Exchange ppt
Application: Adaptations for Gas Transport in Humans - Hemoglobin (Binder 209+) Respiratory Systems & Gas Exchange ppt
Research and write about one food or product produced using fermentation (See Binder pg. 195);
Text 7.5 and 34.7;
Watch Smithsonian's Why do you die without a spacesuit? (2 min)
Week 11: Oct. 30 - Nov. 3 (4 days: Tues - Halloween assembly; Fri - No School; Conferences)
Class 1

Look at Adaptations of Respiratory Systems for other animals

Review for test

Text 34.1
Lab Report: Lung Volumes & Breathing Rates Binder pg. 199+ (details explained in class)
Lab 1 Lab: Absorbing Light for Photosynthesis (chromatography, absorption spectrum; leaf structure) (Binder pg. 223+); Use a spectrophotometer Text 8.1 & 8.2 (through p. 168) and text pg. 578 & 587 (on leaves); (NEXT UNIT) Optional but interesting: The Chemistry of Fall Colors
Class 2 Test: Unit #4 Energy Processes, Celluar Respiraiton & Gas Exchange & Transport; Chapters: 7, 34 (parts 34.1, 34.3, 34.5 - 34.7) Prepare for TEST - Test Essay: See Below
STUDY GUIDES Ch. 7: Focus Questions: All except 7.6 Structure your knowledge: 3 Multiple Choice: All except All
Ch. 34: Focus Questions: 34.10, 34.11 Structure your knowledge: 2 Multiple Choice:
20 - 26 (Respirratiotn)
Ch. 34: Focus Questions: 34.1 - 34.7 Structure your knowledge: 1 Multiple Choice: 2 - 19 (Circualtion)
ESSAY FOR TEST

#176: The evolution of circulatory systems allowed larger and more-complex animals to arise.
(a)  Describe the respiratory and digestive systems' specialized structures that facilitate the movement of oxygen and glucose into the circulatory system of mammals.
(b)  Explain how oxygen and glucose are transported within the circulatory system of mammals.
(c)  Explain the transfer of oxygen and glucose from the blood and into the active cells of mammals.

OTHERS Objectives for Unit #4
Working with Data: Chemiosmosis, Air Flow in Birds, Measuring Residual Volume,
ESSAYS 25, 36, 63, 101, 105, 117, 127, 133,  165, 194, 6, 25, 37c, 42, 48b-c, 63, 71a,  80a, 87, 117b, 133, 141, 163, 194, 205, 17, 32, 54, 72, 80, 84, 96, 119, 130, 133, 146(e), 149, 155, 156B, 176, 200, 238
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson (Bozemean Science)can talk you through...
- and overview of cellular energetics in general (respiration and photosynthesis)
- how matter cycles: the hidden part of cell respiration
- The Role of Oxygen in Respiration
- LAB: Alternate Respiration Rate of Organisms technique
- The functioning of the Respiratory system
- The functioning of the Circulatory system
- The transition from water to land in respiration (second half from min 6:40 - end)
- Introduction to Thermoregulation
- Organsystems & Cooperation
- Thermoregulation
- LAB: The Q10 Coefficient

Kahn Academy will give you (more slowly)

- series of lectures on the details of respiration
- Red Blood Cells
- the Lungs & Pulmonary System
- Hemoglobin


Need a Break in Studying? Try Tom & Dericks' Respiration Song: Oxidate It or Love It

How to apply digital filter to Vernier's EKG trace (for your teacher)

 UNIT #5

ENERGY PROCESSES, PHOTOSYNTHESIS Binder Pages: Unit 5

Lab 2 AP Lab #5: Measuring the rate of photosynthesis in leaves: Leaf Disk Flotation (Overview - Williamson). What is the effect of light wavelength and/or light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis? Class experiment. Share Data in Google Sheet

Complete Chromatography & Leaf Anatomy Lab follow-up (Binder 227 -229)
This 2 min. Leaf Structure video is helpful for finishing the lab;
Read & Bring AP Lab Manual: 61 - 68;
Watch Sinking Leaf Disks (4.5min) & Photosynthesis Lab Walk Through (6.5 min);

Class 3

No School - ISACS & Parent Conferences

No School
Week 12: Nov. 6 - 10 (Bahe at NABT on Friday)
Class 1

Share Data from Leaf Disk Flotation
Photosynthesis: Chloroplast Structure & Light Reactions (Diagrams Binder 231+) Photosynthesis ppt
(Today or Tomorrow) AP Lab #7: Set up Sordaria Crosses (15 min.) (Binder pg. 305)

Bozeman's video The Chloroplast
Lab 1

If not done in class, AP Lab #7: Set up Sordaria Crosses (15 min.) (Binder pg. 303)
Lab: Measuring the rate of the light reactions using DPIP; Using a spectrophotometer to determine the effect of light's presence and boiling chloroplasts on the rate of DPIP reduction.(Binder pg. 239-242)

Read Text 8.2 (start pg 169)
Watch Animation on Photosnthesis 7.5 min - Med. Animations)
OPTIONAL: Watch Mr. Bleier's DPIP Lab setup for DPIP experiment

Class 2 Photosynthesis: Light & Dark Reactions - Making Carbon Compounds (Binder 235) Photosynthesis ppt (Pop beads can be used to follow the carbons) Work on lab: Leaf Disk flotation (See below);
Text 8.3 (to pg. 174)
Watch Bozeman's Photosynthesis
Lab Report on Leaf Disk Flotation:
(1) Draw a picture illustrating the procedure that your team did
For each of the two questions (What is the effect of (a) Light intensity and (b) Color of Light on the rate of photosynthesis in spinach?):
(2) Write a hypothesis/method/prediction statement or couple of sentences
(3) Construct a data table and a graph; no statistics are necessary
(4) Evaluate the results with reference to our hypotheses; (a) use data to determine if the hypotheses supported; (b) address any unexpected results; (c) idenitfy two things about the procedure that we did not or could not hold constant that may have affected our results
Lab 2

Finish the Light & Dark Reactions
AP Lab #7: Statistics: Chi-Square Analysis Use M&Ms (Binder 255+)
(Practice Problems Binder pg. 261-262); Table of values pg. 259)
Mitosis ppt

Lab Report: Leaf Disk flotation (See above assignment)
Work on Lab Report on DPIP experiment (Due Nov. XXX);
Watch Bozeman's Photosynthesis & Respiration as a good review of the molecular processes;
For our lab, watch Bozeman's Chi-square presentation
Class 3 Application: Adaptations in Plants for Photosynthesis under hot dry condidtons: C3, C4, CAM & Others (Binder pg 236+) Work on Leaf Disk Flotation Lab;
Text 8.3 (start pg. 175) Watch Photosynthesis Part 5: C4 and CAM
Week 13: Nov. 13 - 17
Class 1 Finish Photosynthesis
Review: Compare Respiration & Photosnthesis (Binder p. 251-252)
Review: Multiple Choice Questions ( Binder pg. 243-247+)
Review: Leaf Anatomy (Binder p. 248)
Complete Leaf Disk Flotation Lab
Do Review from Binder:
Binder pg. 243-248 (MC & Leaf Anatomy) (Answers will be posted here)
Lab 1 - first period Test: Unit #5 Photosynthesis & Adaptations; Chapters: 8 and pg. 556 & 565
(You will need to compare Photosynthesis to Cellular Resp.)
Prepare for TEST
STUDY GUIDES Ch. 8: Focus Questions: All except 8.7 Structure your knowledge: 1 (make on another sheet of paper and insert into the study guide: DO FOR SURE!) Multiple Choice: All
OTHERS Objectives for Unit #5
ESSAYS 6, 25, 37c, 42**, 48, 63, 71,  80a, 87 (very long), 117b, 133(a), 141**, 163**, 194, 205**, 133(a), 222** The ** indicate likely question for the TEST
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson can talk you through...
- and overview of cellular energetics in general (respiration and photosynthesis)
- LAB: How to Find Stomata
- LAB: Walk Through Floating Disk Lab
- Photosyntheis (Light Rx, Calvin Cycle, Photorespiration & Adaptations to prevent it)

-Lab Technique: Mr. Bleier's: Using DPIP to measure rate of photosynthesis

- Help with C4 and CAM metabolism: Watch Photosynthesis part 5: C4 and CAM

Kahn Academy will give you (more slowly)
- background on oxidation & reduction plus ATP
- series of lectures on the details photosynthesis. Kahn includes a discussion of Photorespiration and C4 Photosynthesis, too.
- Animation on Photosynthesis
- Crash Course: Photosynthesis
- Leaf Structure's Adaptations for photosynthesis


Only for Those who are fascinated by C4 plant evolution (technical article)


 UNIT #6

 CELL DIVISION, CONTROL OF DIVISION, & CANCER Binder Pages: Unit 6

Lab 1 - Second Period

Introduction to Mitosis and the Cell cycle (Binder pg. 263+ and 265+); Practice Chi-Square Problem Mitosis ppt
AP Lab #7: Mitosis Sequence; Model Mitosis with chromosome beads (Make microscope observations; determine time/phase)

Text 9.1 - 9.2 especially figure 9.7: Watch videos below**;
Bring AP Bio Lab Manual;
OPTIONAL: Confused about the difference between Haploid and Diploid? Try Bozeman's Diploid and Haploid Cells

**NOT WORKING AS OF JULY 2015 ASSIGNMENT: Watch these videos in preparation for class (links on upper left side of page) The Cell Cycle, Live Animal Mitosis and Plant cell Mitosis. Watch phase contrast microscope mitosis for OPTIONAL GAME (For later in our unit): The Nobel Prize website discusses the discovery of cyclins and CDKs. There is an interactive game about cell cycle control.
Class 2 Mitosis & The Cell Cycle-
Do Matching Practice (Binder 275)
Text 9.3;
Watch Cell Cycle & Mitosis (6 min.- Med. Animations) Harvard's Cell Cycle & do Check Points & the Cell Cycle
Lab 2 Lab: Squash & Smear of roots exposed to Lectin & Caffeine OR measure length of roots & compare;
AP Lab Manual and (Binder pg. 269+) - Cards available plus live rootlets
Read & Bring AP Lab Manual pg. 83 - 90
Do Practice Chi-Square Problems (Binder pg. #TBA - To be collected) (Optional: Review Mitosis by watching BioFlix Mitosis Bozeman's Phases of Mitosis)
Class 3

Meiosis (Diagrams Binder pg. 281+); Meiosis ppt
Do Mitotic Division in Cancer Cells (Binder 277-278);

In class try chomosome Numbers (Binder pg. 283)

Watch: History of HeLa Cells (9.5 minutes) or Listen to Radiolab's Henrietta's Tumor (25 min);
Do Henrietta Lachs & HeLa Cells Research Assignment (Binder 279)
Week 14: Nov. 20 - 24 (No Wednesday, Thursday or Friday: Thanksgiving)
Class 1

Complete Meiosis (draw); Nondisjunction
Creating Variation (4 ways)
Meiosis & gametogenesis in males & females Reproduction ppt
Life Cycles in Animals, Plants & Fungi - Compare

 

Text 10.1 - 10.2, 36.1 Fig. 36.9; Watch Meiosis: Crossing Over and Variability (7 min.- Med. Animations) Optional: Mitosis v. Meiosis (tutorial);
Radiolab (NPR Program) has a fun segment on why organisms produce so many sperm. If you have long drive (23 minutes) try listening: Why so many sperm? and on the way home (20 min) you can find out why males have persisted so long even though they seem unnecessary Deep Freeze. Another 10 minutes and you can find out about wood mice sperm who form cooperative "Sperm Trains."
Lab 1

AP Lab #7: Sordaria Crossing Over Analysis (Binder pg. 305+) Sordaria ppt (Cards available);
Calculate Map distance (Binder p. 299+)
AP Lab #7: Modeling Meiosis with popsicle sticks & bead chromosomes;
When is Meiosis used by animals, plants, & Fungus?

Text 10.3 - 10.4
Bring AP Lab Manual (S93-S96); Complete AP Lab 7 Cell DIvision (Lectin)
Watch Bozeman's The Sordaria Cross which will help explain what we are doing in Lab today.
Class 2

No School

No School
Lab 2

No School - Thanksgiving

No School
Class 3

No School

No School
Week 15: Nov. 27 - Dec. 1
Class 1

Follow-up to Sordaria Lab - Calculate map distance (Binder pg. 301);
How to use Chi-Square to compare expected and observed cross-over frequencies

Mitosis - Control of Mitosis -- How does a cell know when it's time to divide? (Binder 275+); Checkpoints, Cyclins & CDks; Mitosis Regulation ppt

Intro to Cancer; Discuss HeLa Cells (Binder pg. 301) Regulation and Control of Cell division ppt

 

Text 9.3; Watch Cell Cycle & Mitosis (6 min.- Med. Animations) Harvard's Cell Cycle & do Check Points & the Cell Cycle
OPTIONAL: Watch Role of RAS & p53 (2.5 min) in cancer; Watch Harvard's Tutorials: Biochemical Pathways in Cancer

OPTIONAL: Confused by cyclins & cdks? Try watching other teachers lectures Regulation of Mitosis or Regulations on the Cell cycle

Lab 1

Lab: Blood typing & RBC Counts; Rh+/- (Binder pg. 319+) Lab Blood ppt
(This lab is the first lab of the NEXT UNIT; it is not on upcoming test).

Work on Sordaria Practice (Binder 309 - 313 - due tomorrow; do #1-5 tonight and finish the rest tomorrow) Bozeman's Blood Typing (11 min but skip 4:20-8:20) and read Wikipedia's Blood Typing
RadioLab has entire episode about Blood including a timeline on the history of blood, where the hosts "consider the power and magic of the red liquid that runs through our veins." Here's a one minute news clip from AAAS Sciencenetlinks on other rare types of blood
Class 2 Complete Internal Control of Cell cycle; How cancer can be a disrruption in this control (Current Unit)
External Cell Signaling & Communication: Signal Transduction Pathways (Binder 327+) (Next Unit); Use Bozeman's Signal Transduction Pathways
Activity: Amazing Cells: Cells Communicate
Cancer & Disruptions in cell signaling
Cell Signaling ppt

Text 5.6 & 16.3(cancer);
Complete Sordaria Practice as Lab Report (Binder 311 - 315- do #6-8)

Optional: Lots of Binder pages for review for your test: binder 275, 289, 291-292, 301-302(Answers here)

Useful Resource: the Learn Genetics Website has The Inside Story of Cell Communication tutorial and Cell communicadtion involved in the Flight or Fight response.
LAB 1
LAB 2
Test: Unit #6; Chapters: 9, 10, 36.1, Figure 36.10, 36.1, Figure 36.10
Second Period: Intro to Cell Communication
Prepare for TEST
STUDY GUIDES Ch. 9: Focus Questions: All tructure your knowledge: 1 Fill in the blank: All Multiple Choice: All
Ch. 10: Focus Questions: All Structure your knowledge:1, 2 (note those that make it unique form Mitosis) Multiple Choice:All
Ch. 36: Focus Questions: 36.1, 36.4, 36.5, 36.6, 36.7, 36.8 Structure your knowledge: (Write small and answer right here) 2 Multiple Choice: 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 9-14, 17 - 18
OTHERS Objectives for Unit #6
Working with Data: cAMP
ESSAYS 93, 98, 134, 147(a), 53, 132, 160, 161, 169, 78, 84d, 103, 114c, 115, 146(a,b), 160B, 164C, 201, 142, 22, 80b, 100, 103, 112, 139, 169, 30, 100, 1, 18, 23, 77, 95, 115, 131, 158, 160B, 228, 240, 244 (Unit 7)
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson can walk you through
- mitosis, meiosis & the Cell Cycle,
- Phase of Mitosis - Events of each Phase
- Cell Division (Binary Fission, Mitosis, Meiosis)
- The Chi-Square Statistic
- what is cancer?
- LAB: The Sordaris Cross

- Cell cycle and Mitosis -> Great overview animation from Medicine Animations
- How the Cell Cycle Works --> from Medicine Animations (includes Mitosis)
- Meiosis: Crossing Over & Variability from Medicine Animations

Kahn Academy will give lectures on
- chromosomes, chromatids, and chromatin
- the phases of mitosis
- the phases of meisosis
- cancer

Animaltion: Role of p53 in cancer
All about HeLa: the Radiolab podcast and the Smithsonian interview with Rebecca Skloot, author of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks.
Raven's animations: Signal Transduction,

People simulating sperm: The Great Sperm Race: Part I Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 6 Fun way to learn a little biology (Each part is about 10 minutes)

Mitosis in a Blood Lily


 UNIT #7

CELL COMMUNICATION, HORMONE SIGNALS, & IMMUNITY Binder Pages: Unit 7

Class 3 Hormones & Signal Transduction Pathways (Binder 327-329)
Application: Hormone Action: Steroids v. Protein Hormones;
Feedback in the Endocrine system;
Apply to Glucose, Insulin & Glucogon (Diagrams Binder 331) Endocrine System ppt (part of Signal Transduction ppt)
Text pg. 32.3 (Homeostasis pg. 673-674)) and 32.2; 702-703 (Insulin & glucagon);
Watch Bozeman Positive & Negative Feedback (start about min 8:20)
and Homeostasis in the Human Body (5 min - Med. Animations)
Optional: Why bears don't get diabetes like we do
Week 16: Dec. 4 - 8 (English paper due friday)
Class 1 Reproduction & Hormones;
Practice reading hormone diagrams;
use testosterone and female hormone system. (Binder pg. 333+)
Text 36.3 (not pg. 774); Watch Bozeman's Endocrine System
Lab 1 Lab: ELISA Reaction (Binder pg. 339+) Lab ELISA ppt;
Show with Lab: BioRad's ELISA Explanation
Turn in Lab results at the end of the lab - Who is infected?
Read Background on ELISA Binder 229-231 and watch this animation and and this animation about the ELISA procdue; they help with the reading (each is 2 min long);
Watch bozeman's Cell Communication (Just watch the first 5.5 min) (If absent: HHMI's Virtual Lab)
Class 2 Immunity: 1st & 2nd Lines of Defense (Innate Immunity - Binder pg. 349+) Lab Immune System ppt Text 35.1& 35.2
Watch Bozeman's Plant and Animal Defense (13:05);
Optional: Some of My Best Friends Are Bacteria by M. Pollan
Lab 2 NO LAB: Immunity: 3rd Line of Defense (Adaptive Immunity) (Binder pg. 349+) Lab Immune System ppt Text 35.3
Watch: Bozeman's Immune System and Vaccines & Herd Immunity;
Do Review Binder pg.355-365 (#TBA)
Optional: Cancer & Immunotherapy
Class 3

Immunity: Vaccination, HIV & AIDS, Ebola; Autoimmune Diseases(Binder pg. 39+); Cancer and Immunity (new research)

Complete Review for Immune System (Binder pg. 355-365) (#TBA)
You will be evaluated on Unit 7 (Cell Signaling, Hormones & Immunity on your final exam): 5.6, 16.3, 35, 36.3
STUDY GUIDES Ch. 5.6: Focus Questions: 5.10 - 5.12 Structure your knowledge: 3 and 4 (Try to write these on the bottom space on page 47) Multiple Choice:19 - 24
Ch. 32: Focus Questions: 32.3, 32.4 Structure your knowledge: 3, 4 (Write on the bottom of pages 237 and 238) Multiple Choice: 4, 6, 8, 9, 10
Ch. 35: Focus Questions: 35.1 (use a short phrase), 35.2 - 35.6 Structure your knowledge: 1, 2 (Use another sheet of paper) Multiple Choice: All except 1, 4
Ch. 36: Focus Questions: 36.1, 36.4, 36.5(use the diagram to answer), 36.6( a, b, f, g only), 36.7 (if we talk about fertilization), Structure your knowledge: (Write small and answer right here or feel free to sue another piece of paper), 2 Fill in Blank: None; Multiple Choice: 1, 5, 6, 7, 9-13, 17 (if we talk about fetilization)
OTHERS Objectives for Unit #7 On Saturday (preferred) or Sunday we will have an exam review in the afternoon. Details TBA.
Working with Data: cAMP
ESSAYS 93, 98, 134, 147(a), 53, 132, 160, 161, 169, 78, 84d, 103, 114c, 115, 146(a,b), 160B, 164C, 201, 142, 22, 80b, 100, 103, 112, 139, 169, 30, 100, 1, 18, 23, 77, 95, 115, 131, 158, 160B, 228, 240, 244, 252
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson can walk you through
- evolution of cell communication
- cell communication
- signal transduction pathways
- effects of changes in pathways
- signal transduction & gene expression
- positive & negative feedback loops (including diabetes)
-the endocrine system
- Homeostatic Disruptions including dehydration
- The Reproductive System
- Development: timing & coordination
- The Immune System
- Vaccines & Herd Immunity
- Blood Types
- Animal and Plant Defense Mechanisms
- Review: Homeostasis (more than this unit)

LAB: ELIZA: Good Animation; Silent animation; From BioRad (our lab); From Sumanasic; From a BioRad company; The Biology Project; from U. of Michigan;
HHMI's Virtual ELISA Lab

Kahn Academy will give lectures on
- an intro to the endocrine system
- Glucose, insulin & diabetes
- cancer
Kahn has a ton of lectures on - The circulatory system including heart strucutre & function, thermoregulation in circulation, arteries v veins, blood pressure, heart depolarization

Crash Course: Your Immune System (nice review - entertaining talker)

Animation: Role of p53 in cancer
Harvard's Glucose Homeostasis tutorial
Raven's animations: Signal Transduction,

Hematology - the Coagulation Cascade
RadioLab discusses the first HIV/AIDS patient.

CBS News: Antibiotics & Food SupplyI, Part II

Weekend Review Session: Saturday (12/09/17) Afternoon, time 2:30 pm, @ JBS
Week 17: Dec. 11 - 15 (Exams; Winter break begins!)
Monday Exam: Math (am) Review for exams; Bring questions to discuss
Tuesday Exams: Language (am) Prepare for your AP Bio exam
Wednesday Exam: History (am) Study for your other exams
Thursday Exams: Science (am) Review PPT Review sheet in binder pg. 367 -374 Study for your other exams
Friday

No School - Winter Break Begins!

FINISH THOSE COLLEGE APPS!

Winter Break: Dec 15- Jan 1, 2018

 UNIT #8

DNA, PROTEIN SYNTHESIS, & BIOTECHNOLOGY Binder Pages: Unit 8

Week 18: Jan 1 - 5 welcome back!!! (4 days - No Monday - New Year's)
Class 1

No School - New Year's Day Celebrated

No School
Lab 1A (Normally this is the first class - need to combine these two days together) Pass out new Spring Binder
Experiments to Discover DNA is Hereditary Molecule (Griffith, Avery, Hershey & Chase - Binder pg. 9+) DNA ppt
DNA: History of Discovery --> Watch Photo 51 (Rosalind Franklin) (Absent? Watch Photo 51)

Text 3.6 & 13.1;
Watch Bozeman What is DNA? (Structure)
[OPTIONAL: Absent today? Try this MIT DNA lecture (Griffith/Avery 1:40- 12:00; Hersey/Chase 21:00-31:00 min) & Hershey Chase Experiment Explained; Optional: More on the history of the discovery of DNA]
Lab 1B Pass out new Spring Binder; keep fall pages handy at home.
Experiments to Discover DNA is Hereditary Molecule (Griffith, Avery, Hershey & Chase - Binder pg. 11+) DNA ppt
DNA: History of Discovery --> Watch Photo 51 (Rosalind Franklin);
Structure of DNA (Binder pg. 9+) DNA ppt
AP Lab #9: Paper Activities in preparation Genetic Engineering Experiments (Binder 15-25); Choose one application of biotechnology (Binder pg. 95) to reseaerch Genetic Engineering ppt
Text 3.6, 13.1, 13.4**
Watch: What is DNA? (Structure) & DNA Structure & Replication
OPTIONAL Watch: Crash Course in DNA Structure & Replication (a little entertaining);
Optional Watch if absent: HHMI's Summary of History of DNA Discovery
**This is an introduction to many techniques (Plasmids as vectors, gene cloning, restriction enzymnes, electrophoresis, PCR, & DNA Sequencing). Over the next 3 weeks you will be using nearly all of thse techniques and will become much more familiar with them.
Class 2

Meselson Stahl Experiment (Binder pg. 27)
DNA Replication - (Practice models available) (Binder pg.29+); Telomeres DNA ppt

Show Nucleotides asre added in DNA Replication

Text 13.2 - 13.3;
Watch Bozeman's DNA Replication (10 min) and DNA Replication (6 min) (Medical Animation-GOOD); More on Telomeres
Optional: Watch Bozeman's Meselson & Stahl Experiment
Missed class today? Try DNA Replication from MIT
Lab 2 AP Lab #9: Restriction Analysis of DNA (Binder pg. 35+) Genetic Engineering ppt

Text 13.4** (See above - material relevent to all of this unit's labs)
Watch Bozeman's Molecular Biology (14.5 min);
Read & Bring AP Lab Manual pg. 111 - 115; (LATER: Extra Restriction Map Practice)

Class 3 AP Lab #9: Follow up to Restriction Analysis (Binder pg 38+) - Construct a graph to determine fragment length; How to Make Restriction Maps (Binder pg. 107-111) IF you don't know how to use semi-log grpah paper, then watch semi-log graph paper (4.5 min)
Do Practice DNA Replication (Binder 33);
write one detailed paragraph summarizing the process of DNA replication;
Do research on your Application of BioTechnology;
Week 19: Jan 8 - 12
Class 1 Transcription & The DNA Code (Binder pg. 43+);
DNA Code Practice - Binder pg. 49 & 51
RNA processisng in Eukaryotes DNA & Protein Synthesis ppt
Preview Lab on Bacterial Transformation and translation
Text 14.1 (pg. 278, 280-284), 14.2 - 14.3;
Watch Transcription & Translation (Bozeman) and DNA Structure & Genetics (7.5 min - Med. Animations - GOOD!);
Optional Watch: Translation & Transcription (Crash Course);
Missed class? Try Transcription (MIT lecture)
Lab 1 AP Lab #8: Bacterial Transformation (Binder pg. 55-59) Lab Bacterial Transformation ppt Text part 14.4 (pg. 288 - 293)
Do DNA Code Practice Binder pg. 49 (bottom) & 51;
Optional Watch: Bacterial Transformation from MIT Help session
Class 2 Read results & count colonies of Bacterial Transformation
AP Lab #8: Calculate Transformation Efficiency (Binder pg. 57-59)

Text part 14.4 (293 - 297);
For absentees: How to calculate transformation efficiency (kind of confusing)
Lab 2

Lab: Drosophila Genetics; Practice distinguishing males from females; Set up Drosophila crosses (Binder pg. 123+) Drosophila ppt
Discuss Translation; practice with DNA Code Practice (p. 51)

Do practice calculating transformation Efficiencies Binder pg. 60 (#1-3)
Watch Harvard's Stem Cells & Differentiation (6 min) and Origin of Stem Cells (5 min)

Class 3

Protein synthesis: Translation (Binder pg. 46+); Polysomes (Binder pg. 53); Discuss protein targeting - How does a protein know where to go? Watch Translation in class(from virtual cell) or DNA Translation Animation
Regulation of Gene Expression: Operons in Prokaryotes (negative control) (Binder pg. 61+)
Phet Simulation: Gene Machine: The Lac Operon (Binder 67+)

Text 15.1
Watch How Translation Works (2 min) (Medicine animations);
Watch Bozeman's Gene Regulation and The Lac Operon
Read about your chosen application for Biotechnology
Week 20: Jan 15 - 19 (4 days; no Monday - MLK Day; MICDS Winter basketball at MICDS; dance show)
Lab 1 Regulation of Gene Expression: Operons in Prokaryotes (negative control) (Binder pg. 61+) Phet Simulation: Gene Machine: The Lac Operon (Binder 67+)
LAB: Discovering Epigenetics: "Ghost in your Genes "; BBC Version; "Epigenetics Activities" from Learn Genetics Utah (Binder pg 81+)
(Check out What is Epigenetics? with Nessey Carey)
Watch Bozeman Epigenetics (9.5 min); Do practice for DNA and BioTech (Binder p. 121)
Class 2

Regulation of Gene Expression in Eukaryotes (Binder 73) Eukarytoic Gene Regulation ppt;

Text 15.2 & Review Text 13.4;
Watch Regulated Transcription
Lab 2 Lab: Begin Amplification of YOUR mitocondrial DNA for sequencing - Extract the DNA and set up PCR (Carolina Biological - Binder pg. 77-86);
PCR Process (3 min)
Do Genetic Testing Exercise (Binder 97-103)
Read &Bring AP Lab Manual pg. 97 -102;
Watch PCR Animation (very good, but slow - 5 min);

Read about your chosen application for Biotechnology
Class 3 Lab: Set up Electrophoresis of your DNA sample; Run (Binder 77+)
Discuss Types of Mutations (Point, Frameshift, Trinucleotide repeats - Binder pg. 87);
Text 14.5;
Bring AP Lab Manual;
Read Binder pg. 77-79 (More background to lab); Watch Bozeman's Mutations; Optional: Example mutations with human diseases
Week 21: Jan 22 - 26 (thimun departs)
Class 1 Lab: Read your electrophoresis gel of your DNA sample; Bahe will send for sequencing
Cancer - Lack of control --> Genes gone haywire; (Binder pg. 89+
Viral Reproduction - Using Viruses as Vectors for Biotech (Binder pg. 89+);
Text 17.2; Watch Bozeman's Viruses and Viral Reproduction
Optional: FYI Viral Evolution
Lab 1

Lab Round Robin Presentations: The Applications of Biotechnology (Small Groups of 4); Other Applications: Ancient Horse DNA; GM Insects Help Fight Disease
Follow-up Biotechnology: How to find a gene; Putting together the Biotechnology tecniques (Binder 91-94, 113-118)
Review of BioTech ppt

Make your slide presentation in our Google Presentation about one application of Biotechnology (Link will be sent to you).
Optional: Science's annotated paper on CRISPR
Class 2

Test: Unit #8; Chapters: 3.6, 13, 14, 15.1, 15.2,17.2

Prepare for TEST
STUDY GUIDES Ch. 13: Focus Questions: All Structure your knowledge:1 and 2 (Write on a sheet of paper) Multiple Choice: All
Ch. 14: Focus Questions: All Structure your knowledge:2, 3 (Write #3 on the bottom of page 115) Multiple Choice: All
Ch. 15.2: Focus Questions: 15.1, 15.2, 15.5 Structure your knowledge: 1, 2 Multiple Choice: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12
Ch. 16.3: Focus Questions: None Structure your knowledge: None Multiple Choice: 7, 8, 9
OTHERS Objectives for Unit #8
Working with Data: Determining Paternity, The Genetic Code, Recombinant DNA, Genomes, Cloning,
ESSAYS 37a, 76, 88, 114d, 144, 24, 35, 47, 64, 94, 106, 120b, 121, 144,  147(b), 152, 168C, 170, 183, 196, 206 (a, b), 9, 15, 16, 82, 134, 147(c), 156A, 160A, 164A, 166, 160A, 196 (c), 15, 88, 120, 128, 138, 153, 180, 196, 197, 207, 225, 233, 236 (b)(Ch 21: 15, 88, 120, 128, 138, 153, 180), 248, 250
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson will explain
- Nucleic Acids and What is DNA?
- DNA & RNA Part I (History of the discovery; Pro- v Eukaryotic Chromosomes)
- DNA & RNA Part II (Replication & Protein Synthesis) and DNA Replication (includes Meselson-Stahl Experiment) and Meselson Stahl Experiment Itself
- Transcription & Translation
- Gene regulation in Prokaryotes & Eukaryotes
- The LAC Operon
- Viral Replication
- Epigenetics
- Techniques of Biotechnology
- Signal transduction & gene expression
- Molecular Biology (Nice intro/summary of genetic engineering)

Animations:
DNA Replication from Medicine Animations - GOOD!
Restriction Enzymes from Medicine Animations
How Translation Works from Medicine Animations

Epigenetics (See Bozeman, too):
Ghost in your genes (Nova's program on epigenetics)
Ghost in your genes (BBC's pgogram on epigenetics)

Phet Simulation: The Gene Machine: Lac Operon

Kahn Academy lectures about
- DNA (sections on Dentral Dogma, replcation, the geentic code, protein translation, and post translational modifications)
- DNA Structure & Replication (Crash Course): GOOD!
- DNA Structure & Classic Experiments - lecture segment from MIT and Part 2
- DNA Replication - lecture segment from MIT - very good
- Transcription & Translation (Crash Course): Entertaining, too.
- Transcription & Translation (Great drawing coincides with the explanation)
- Transcription & Translation - lecture segments from MIT - Very Good
- Gene control (sections on Lac-operon, chromatin regulation, regulation of transcription, non-coding RNA and Oncogenes)
- Genetic Mutations (types, causes, carcinogens)
- An Intro to Viruses
- Restriction Enzymes (10 minutes) - Slow but clear.
- How to Map a Restriction Map (a typical AP problem)
- BioRad's Restriction Digest Instructions
-From NPR: How Viruses Work (entertaining, too)-
From NDSU Virtual Cell Animations: Translation
-The Best PCR animation (it's just a little slow); clip on PCR shown in class
- From DNA Learning Center: PCR another: PCR animation
- Our Bacterial Transformation Lab
- Bacterial Transformation from MIT Help Session
- Historical 1971 reenactment of protein synthesis at Stanford. A Classic.


 UNIT #9

GENETICS & INHERITANCE Binder Pages: Unit 9

Lab 2

Introduction to Mendelian Genetics Genetics ppt
Video Clip: Gregor Mendel
LAB: Release Drosophila F1 flies
LAB: Corn Genetics - Monohybrid Cross
LAB: Corn Genetics - Dihybrid Cross
LAB: Chi-Square analysis of corn data (Binder 131+)

Text 11.1 - 11.2;
Check tour website daily for the problems assigned in class. Please always do genetics problems on separate sheets of paper.
Class 3

Exceptions to Mendelian Genetics:
Multiple Alleles; Co-Dominance; Incomplete dominance; Epistasis; Polygentic Traits; Mitocondrial Inheritance; Influence of the environment

Text 11.3;
Mendelian Genetics Problems (Pg 137 #1, 3, 4, 7 Pg. 138 #1, 3, 4)
Week 22: Jan 29 - Feb 2 (No Friday - Professional Day)(Thimun returns)
Class 1

Continue with Some Exceptions to Mendelian Genetics:
Multiple Alleles; Co-Dominance; Incomplete dominance; Epistasis; Polygentic Traits; Mitochondrial Inheritance; Influence of the environment

Text 11.4;
Genetics Problems: Pg. 141 (all - it's one problem), p. 142 (#2, 4) - (Note Text pg. 224 is useful for more explanation of today's class on Dom,Incomplete Dom, & Co-Dom)

Lab 1
Lab: Use corn for confirmation & Chi-square calculation
Lab: DNA Extraction from Berries & Other Organisms (Binder pg. 135)
Lab: Predigrees (Binder 149+)
Practice Problems on More Exceptions to Mendel

Text 11.4
Do Genetics problems on separate sheets of paper and be ready to turn in; show your work.
Binder Genetics Problems: p. 141 #2, 3, 5 p. 142 #6 Textbook p, 235 #9 (think about probabilities - what's the probability that Karen and Steve are carriers? Probability they will have a child with SC?), #14 (similar to #9)

Class 2 Predigrees; Practice Genetics Problems - Exceptions to Mendel;
Introduce Sex-Linkage;
Test your Color vision here. or here.

Text 12.1- 12.2 Binder Genetics (TBA)
Absent: Try this video on Sex Linked Inheritance

Lab 2

Lab: First count the F2 Drosophila Flies (Binder pg. 127+)
Practice Sex-linkage problems (Binder pg. 144);
Introduce Autosomal Linkage Genetics Problems;
Practice Pedigrees with human traits

Everyone: Text 12.3;
Binder Genetics Problems pg. 144 # 1, 2, 3, 4, 7 and Binder pg. 140 #10, 11, 12 and Textbook Problems pg. 252 #1, 2, 5
Optional: Bozeman's Advanced Genetics from 7:45-10:30 will help with sex Linkage.

Class 3

No School - Professional Day

No School
Week 23: Feb. 5 - 9 (MICDS Basketball - home game - Friday)
Class 1 Introduce Autosomal Linkage (Binder p. 145) Linkage (Autosomal) & Recombination
Hox & Other Kinds of Genes
Barr Bodies; Alterations in Chromosome Numbers (non-disjunction)

Watch Bozeman's Genetic Recombination and Gene Mapping and Read Text 12.3
OPTIONAL: Genetics Problems: Binder pg. 153-154 (answers on pg. 157) You should be able to do the following numbers: 1-11, 13-20, 23-24
Optional: Watch Bozeman's Chromosomal Genetics as Review & Intro to Linkage

Lab 1 Discuss a Final Few Genetics Concepts (Polygenetic traits, Plieotropy; Environmental Influence; Some human characteristics)
Lab: Second Count of F2 Drosophila Flies
Begin Working on Drosophila Data Analysis as a team; check one another's work

Text 12.4;
Practice Problems Binder Pg. 149 #4 & 6
Optional Article: Curious chemistry Guides Hydrangea Colors

Class 2 Receive class Drosophila data & directions to perform the data analysis (Binder p. 129-130 ) Genetics Review (Binder pg. 1153-154) Genetics ppt Drosophila Data Here (Will be updated)
Practice Genetics Problems: Text pg. 234 #3, 5, 11, 13, 15, 18 and Text pg. 252 #2, 6, 8, 9
Lab 2 Lab: Bird Beak & Seed Size Simulation: The Law of Natural Selection (Binder pg. 161-162);
Use Chi-square to analyze data Evolution & Natural Selection ppt
Each person in lab team does one Drosophila analysis (p. 129-130);
Text 19.2
Optional: Darwin, the Story behind the Science and Wallace, the Story behind the Science Optional: Ironing it Out (Survival of the Sickest)

 UNIT #10

NATURAL SELECTION & THE ORIGIN & DIVERITY OF LIFE Binder Pages: Unit 10


Class 3 History before Darwin Evolution & Natural Selection ppt - What did each contribute?
Each person in lab team does a second Drosophila analysis (p. 29-130);
Text 19.1
Watch Bozeman's Examples of Natural Selection
Week 24: feb. 12 - 16
Class 1 Evidence for Evolution Evidence for Evolution ppt
Which is most convincing?
Watch segments of "Evidence of Evolution Made Easy" and report on one segment (fossils, phylogentics, DNA, Evolutionary Baggage, Geographic distribution, Observing Evolution);
handout: list of resources for evidence of evolution

As a partnership, finish the 5th Drosophila analysis;
double check one another's work - due on Feb. 14th
Text 19.3 OR Watch Bozeman's Evidence of Evolution and Evidence for Evolution II;
Optional: Evolution Gems from Nature;
BBC's How Do We Know Evolution is Real? Science with Tom - Rap Song on Evolution: 3.5* 'Til Infinity

Darwin Day, Feb 12: Baba Brinkman raps an ode to Darwin. He has an entire album of rap songs for Evolution. Click HERE.
Lab 2 Test: Unit #9 (double period) - time given for working out problems; Chapters: 11, 12 Prepare for TEST
STUDY GUIDES Ch. 11: Focus Questions: All Structure your knowledge: 1, 2, 3 (May need a piece of paper) Genetics Problems 1-10 (DO THESE ON A PIECE OF PAPER) Multiple Choice: All except 7
Ch. 12: Focus Questions: All Structure your knowledge: 1, 2 Genetics Problems 1-5 (DO THESE ON A PIECE OF PAPER) Multiple Choice:All
OTHERS Objectives Unit #9;
ESSAYS 69, 98, 120a, 136, 157, 4, 15, 34, 40, 112, 120a-b, 132, 166, 203 (a, b), 219 (c), 251
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson of Bozeman Science will help you with
- Mendelian Geneics
- Genotypes, Phenotypes & Mutatiaons
- Gentoytpe Expression & The Environment
- Advanced (non-Mendelian) Genetics
- The Chi-Square Statistic
- Probability & Genetics
- Chromosomal Genetics & Genetic Recomgination and Gene Mapping & Linked Genes
- X-Inactivation




Kahn Academy can lecture you about
- An Intro to Heredity
- Using Punnett Squares
- Sex-linked Traits

Entertaining 10 minutes on Gregor Mendel from SciShow
Mendel - From the Garden to the Genome (Biography - 30 minutes)
About Fainting Goats & the Science behind them; watch them at Fainting Goats & at A Herd of Fainting Goats

Class 2 Begin Lab: Hardy-Weinberg Simulation (cards) (Binder pg. 165+); problems

Lab Reports: Drosophila Genetic Analysis due (One report per partnership)
Text 21.3 Do Practice Evidence of Evolution (Binder pg. 165-166)

Lab 2

Lab: Finish Hardy-Weinberg Simulation (cards) (Binder pg. 165+);

The Assumptions for Hardy-Weinberg and Change in Gene Frequencies -> Microevolution;
Use Evaluation Causes of Evolution (Binder 191+ - select #)

Bozeman's The Five Fingers of Evolution

 

Text 21.1-21.2;
Watch Bozeman's Genetic Drift
Read: Evidence for current evolution: Chlorea and Bangladesh
Class 3 Discuss causes for evolution;
Three Types of Natural Selection & Maintenance of Variation (If Time, stats practice: A Case of Sexual Selection and Evolution (Binder pg. 175+))


Text 21.4, 22.1
Do HW Problems Binder pg. 174 (#1 - 6)
There are many more practice problems on pg. 197+ which we will do later.
OPTIONAL: Do Online Activity: Visualizing Life on Earth: Interpreting Data;
Week 25: Feb 19 - 23 (4 days; No Monday - President's Day) (Winter musical)
Class 1

No School - President's Day

No School
Lab 1 AP Lab #2: Computer Modeling Hardy-Weinberg: Set up the model using Excel; Select a Question to answer with your model (Binder pg. 183+)
Lab: Using AlleleA1 for Mathematical Modeling of H-W (Binder pg. 187+) More simulations: U. of Wash.and Radford U.;
Read the directions on Binder pages 191-195 and match each case to one of the deviations from the H-W assumptions.
Read & Bring AP Lab Manual pg. 25 - 29;
Helpful for absentees: Five Fingers of Evolution (5 min)
Class 2

What is a species?
Speciation: Allopatric & Sympatric Speciation ppt;
Reproductive Isolation & the Tempo of Evolution
(Binder pg. 201- Practice classifying Reproductive Isolating Mechanisms)
Cornell's Ornithology Activity on Sexual Selection and the video resources

Do H-W practice problems p. 197-199 #1, 3, 6, 9 (harder), 11, 13. 17, 19, 25 (remember the rules of probability)
Text 22.2;
Watch Bozeman's Speciation
Read & Bring AP Lab Manual pg. 41 - 44;
Absent today?
Try this lecture Speciation
Lab 2 Using HHMI's Finches Beak to evaluate Grant's work (Binder 203-212)
Short Film on Grant's work on Galopogos Islands The Beak of the Finch or on YouTube; Sorting Finches; Excel File of Grant's Data for Statistical Data to analyze
Text 22.4
Read "Speciation in Real Time"
Pick and read one current example of speciation: Lizards, Mice, Palm trees, Fish; Bizarre new lizard genetics, watching speciation occur, Birdfeeders & Black capped Warblers, London's Subway Mosquito, Giant Insect Splits Cavefish
Class 3 The Broad Patterns of Evolution (Plate Techtonics; Mass extinctions; Adaptive Radiations; Evolution of development) Text 23.2, 23.4
Complete Follow-up to Beak of he Finch (Binder 203-212 including your 4 bar and 2 line graphs)
Week 26: Feb. 26 - Mar. 2 (Fri - Grandparent's morninG, per 1-2)
Class 1 Begin AP Lab #3: Using BLAST or similar programs to investigate evolutionary relationships -- Introduction; Choose a question to ask with BLAST;
Blast Education resources; practice files from AP Central
HHMI: Creating Phylogenetic Trees from DNA Sequences (Tutorial)
Sorting shells (Binder pg. 213-223) (Practice making cladograms Binder pg. 227+)
AP Lab #3: Using BLAST (or CLUSTALX & nPLOT) to investigate evolutionary relationships -- Ask your own Questions (Binder pg. 225-226)
Text 20.1, 20.3;
Bring AP Lab Manual;
Lab 1

See above - Investigarting Evolutionary relationships using BLAST
Practice making cladograms

Watch Bozeman's Phylogenetics and Cladograms
Class 2

Discuss Sympatric Speciation and Rates of Evolution.
Use evolution of the stickleback as mechanism for punctuated equilibrium (Binder pg. 233 - 242). Films: Bozeman's Stickleback Evolution and Evolving Switches, Evolving Bodies;

TBA

Lab 1

Complete Stickleback Evolution Worksheets
Continue Evolutionary relationships using BLAST;
Analyze your own DNA - compare to classmates and worldwide
Finish using CLUSTLX, NJPLOT, & BLAST to investigate evolutionary relationships
Origin of Life (Binder pg. 243) Origin of Life ppt
OR
Lab: Modeling the Origin of Life: Coacervates (Binder pg. 215+)

Text 24.1, 24.4 (not pg. 472-3);
Watch Bozeman's The Origin of Life - Scientific Evidence
Optional: Miller - The Story Behind the Science and Video of Miller Experiment
Of Possible Interest: BBC's Program, Episode 3 of the History of Science. How Did We Get Here? (52 min.) This is the story of how scientists came to explain the beauty and diversity of life on earth, and reveal how its evolution is connected to the long and violent history of our planet. and Nick Barton's 14 min talk at the Falling Walls Conference on "Breaking the Wall that Limits Evolution: How Sexual Recombination Accelerates Adaptation." (2011)
Class 3 Practice reading models and diagrams: (Parts 1 and 2)
The Origin of Life; (Binder pg. 243) Explore the timeline
The Origin of Eukaryotes (Endosymbiosis and Infolding) & Multicellularity Origin of Life ppt
Do these multiple choice Questions: Binder pg. 251-266 # 1-4, 8, 14, 21, 35-39 and the written question on Binder 260 - Don't write on binder page.
Watch Bozeman's Endosymbiosis Optional: Origin of Multicellularity; Endosymbiosis
Week 27: Mar. 5 - 9 (No CLASSES Wed. MAY PROJECT contact & Prefect day off )
Class 1

Complete Origin of Life (See above class)
Evolution Review; the three Domains of Life The 3 Domains ppt

Text 25.1- 25.2;
Do Practice for Evolution (Binder pg. 251+ #5-7, 9-13, 16-20 and write #27);
Watch Bozeman's The Three Domains of Life and Three Domains of Life (Med Animations)
OPTIONAL: Bozeman has a couple of nice evolution review videos: Natural Selction Review and Speciation Review

Lab 1 Lab Activities: Vision (Binder pg. 281-283) Do Evolution Practice (Binder 251+ #15, 22-26, 32-34, 40-47 and write #30) Text 38.4 & 38.6;
Watch Bozeman's Nervous System; Optional: Growing Replacement Parts;
Of Possible Interest: BBC's Program, "Do You See What I See?" (52 min) or here Roses are red, violets are blue but according to the latest understanding these colours are really an illusion. One that you create yourself. Horizon reveals a surprising truth about how we all see the world. You may think a rose is red, the sky is blue and the grass is green, but it now seems that the colours you see may not always be the same as the colours I see. Your age, sex and even mood can affect how you experience colours. Scientists have unlocked the hidden power that colours can have over your life - how red can make you a winner, how blue makes time speed up, and more.
Class 2

No AP Bio Class; Visit your May Project Sponsor

No AP Bio Class
Lab 2 Test: Unit #10; Chapters: 19, 20(.1 & .3), 21, 22, 23 (23.2; 23.4) , 24 (24.1, 24.4), 25 (25.1 - 25.2) Prepare for TEST
STUDY GUIDES Ch. 19: Focus Questions: 19.1 - 19.4 Structure your knowledge: None Multiple Choice:All
Ch. 20: Focus Questions: 20.1, 20.3, 20.6 Structure your knowledge: None Multiple Choice:1 - 6, 9 - 14, 16
Ch. 21: Focus Questions: 21,2, 21.3, 21.4, 21.5, 21.6 Structure your knowledge: 2 (Write on the bottom of page 159) Multiple Choice: All
Ch. 22:
Focus Questions: 22.1, 22.2, 22.4, 22.6 Structure your knowledge: 2, 3 (Write on the bottom of page 164) Multiple Choice: All except 2, 7, 12
Ch. 23: Focus Questions: 23.3, 23.4Structure your knowledge: None Multiple Choice: 3, 5, 7, 9, 11
Ch. 24: Focus Questions: 24.2 Structure your knowledge: 1 (Write on the bottom of page 177) Multiple Choice: 1 - 4, 10-11
Ch. 25: Focus Questions: 25.1 Structure your knowledge: 1 Multiple Choice: 1
OTHERS Objectives for Unit #10
Working with Data: Animal Phylogeny, Phylogenetics, Reproductive Isolation, Prebiotic Molecules,
ESSAYS 37b, 51, 116, 150, 160, 162, 5, 38, 67, 79, 102, 116, 121, 136, 160D, 162, 191, 195, 203 (c), 206 (c), 14, 21, 62, 91, 150, 192, 195, 143, 164A, 164D, 207 (a), 223, 230, 232, 236, 239, 243, 245 (long)
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson will walk you through
- Natural Selection
- Examples of Natural selection
- Cellular Variation (Examples, Heterozygous Advantage, Gene Duplication)
- Population Variation (Examples at the population level, calculate allele frequencies (HW))
- Intro to Hardy Weinberg & Population Genetics
- Solving Hardy Weinberg Problems
- Genetic Drift
- Evidence for Evolution
- Mechanisms to increase variation (in bacteria and eukaryotes)
- Populations Continue to Evolution (Types of selection)
- Speciation & Extinction
- Speciation; and Reproductive Isolation
- Stickleback Evolution
- Phylogenetics (Cladograms)
- LAB: Comparing DNA Sequences
- Abiogenesis & Miller's Experiment
- Origin of Life - Scientific Evidence
- The Essential Characteristics of Life are Conserved & Evolution of Eukaryotes
- Endosymbiosis
- The Three Domains of Life (start at 3 min - end)

The Kahn Academy can lecture you on
- Allele frequency, the Hardy Weinberg Equation, and Applying the equation

Cleearly Stated'sWhat is evolution?, Evidence of Evolution and Chemical Evolution and Can Evolution Explain the Origin of Life?
Learn Genetics: Variation + Selection & Time; Evolution in Action
PHET Simulation: Natural Selection
PBS: Why Does Evolution Matter Now

Harvard's Horizontal Gene Transfer; Molecular Evolution and The Early Earth; Speciation in Gators

Allele A1Simulation:
-Allele A1 Program Download
-YouTube Allele A1 Demo (Duke U.)

The Species Problem - Various ways to define species
Speciation by Cornell's Ornithology Lab


 UNIT #11

 INTERACTIONS: NEURONS, MUSCLES, & PLANT RESPONSE Binder Pages: Unit 11

Class 3

Introduction to the Nervous System: The Neuron: Anatomy, Types, Resting Potential, Action Potential (Binder pg. 273+) The Neuron ppt
Practice Labeling an Action Potential (Binder p. 277)

Text 37.1 & 37.2; Watch Bozeman's the Neuron, Resting Potential and Nerve Impulse Mechanism (4 min - Med. Animations) (Text 37.2 - 37.3) OPTIONAL: Bozeman's The Electrochemical Gradient
Week 28: Mar. 12 - 16 (No Friday - spring Break; Mon & Wed are sci. test days)
Class 1 The Neuron: The Synapse, EPSP, IPSP, Integration (Binder p. 271+) The Neuron ppt
Text 37.3 & 37.4
Watch Chemical synapse (1 min); Diagram of synapse from How Stuff Works
Optional: Bozeman's The Synapse & The Action Potential
Lab 2

Lab Activities: Complete Vision and do other senses (Binder pg. 279-281 and 2887-289); Optical Illusions
Best Illusions of the Year contest; Why?

Text 38.6
Optional: Shaking Eyeballs, The Meaning of Pupil Dilation

Class 2

Finish Nervous System Function - Brains & Memory;
Neuron Simulation - Effect of Neurotransmitters & NeuroToxins;
Optogenetics - New Research
Try Review Sheet

Do The Action Potential Binder pg. 275;
Optional: Alcohol & Hangovers
Lab 2 Lab Activity: Brain Structure & Function; Videos Illustrating Brain function (Binder pg. 283 - 286) Lab Brains ppt
Text 38.1 - 38.3
Watch Bozeman's Overview of the Brain;
Optional: Big Picture Magazine: Brains (Colorful Magazine);
Review: Watch Action Potential & Synapse
Optional: Check out the Science of Addiction (Meth Mouse, Mouse Party and more
Class 3

No Class - Spring Break Begins!!!

No School - SPRING BREAK!!

Spring Break: March 16 - April 2, 2018
Week 29: apr. 2 - 6
Class 1 Muscle Contraction at Cellular Level (Binder pg. 297-303) Text 39.1;
Watch Bozeman's the Muscular System: use Binder pg. 2975 with this 6 min video and watch Muscle Contraction Process (4.5 min.-Med. Animations)
Lab 1 Lab: Muscle Contraction & Fatigue (Binder pg. 305-308) Muscle Contraction ppt
Lab: Virtual Muscle Contraction
Text 31.1 (640 - 641);
Do Nervous System Review Sheet (Binder 291-294)
Read: Making the most of muscle oxygen
OPTIONAL: Review the muscle function by watching Pearson's Animation of (1) The neuromuscular junction, (2) the Excitation of the Muscle Fiber and (3) The Cross Bridge Cycle (Total time about 10 min.)
Class 2 Plant Response: Phototropisms & Photoperiodism (Binder pg. 311-312) Plant Responses ppt
Quorum sensing in Bacteria
Text 31.2;
Use Binder pg. 309 as you watch Bozeman's Mechanisms of Timing (10 min);
Optional: Listening to Bacteria
Lab 2 Lab: Plant Responses: Dandilion Demo of phototropism (Need Handout) if Dandilions are available;
Discuss Phototropisms & Photoperiodism (Binder 311-312) Plant Responses ppt

Text 31.3;
Watch Bozeman's Behavior & Natural Selection (9 min);
Watch McGraw-Hill's animation of Phytochromes (2 min);
Do Watch Bozeman's Plant control (hormones)

Class 3 TEST: Unit #11; Chapters: 37, 38, 39.1
Prepare for TEST
STUDY GUIDES Ch.31:Focus Questions: 31.3, 31.5, 31.6, Structure your knowledge: 2 (Draw thsi on the bottom of page 230) Multiple Choice: 7. 8, 10, 12, 13
Ch. 37:
Focus Questions: All Structure your knowledge: 1 (Write a description on the bottom of pg. 286) Multiple Choice: All

Ch. 38: Focus Questions: 38.2, 38.3, 38.6, 38.7Structure your knowledge: 2, 3 (Write on the bottom of pg. 296) Multiple Choice: All except 2, 7, 8, 15, 17, 19
Ch. 39: Focus Questions:39.1, 39.2, 39.5, 39.6, 39.8 Structure your knowledge:1, 3 (Write on the bottom of pg. 304) Multiple Choice:All except 6, 7, 8, 10, 15, 17, 20
OTHERS Objectives for Test #11
Working with Data: Nickel and plants; nicotine and plant defense; Eyes and Rods;
ESSAYS 23, 59, 146(d,e), 149, 158, 7, 8, 44, 60, 114b, 115, 130, 149, 164C, 178, 8, 44, 84c, 89, 122, 149, 155, 177, 8, 44, 84c, 89, 122, 149, 155, 177, 234, 241
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson can walak you through
- Nervous System
- The Sensory System
- Muscle System
- Behavior & Natural Selection: Plant Response, Pollination, & Animal Mating Strategies
-
Mechanisms of Timing- Phototropism, Photoperiodism, Circadiam Rhythms, & Quarum sensing in bacteria

- Resting Potential by Pacific Media and Action Potential by Medicine Animations

- Why do your knuckels crack (explanation) and video?

History: Recording an Action Poential by Hodgkin; Squid Axon Nerve Removal (MIT)
K
ahn Academy can lecture you about
- The Nervous System (neurons, the Na+/K+ pump, Action potentials, saltatory conduction (with myelin sheath), and synapses)
- Muscle Function (actin & myosin, tropomyosin & troponin, & sarcoplasmic reticulum)
Raven's Animation:
- Phytochromes (Pr and Pfr) (McGraw Hill animation) or at Youtube
- Pearson's Animation of (1) The neuromuscular junction, (2) the Excitation of the Muscle Fiber and (3) The Cross Bridge Cycle
- Crash Course in Big Guns: Muscle System (somewhat enetertaining and educational)


 UNIT #12

 INTERACTIONS: ANIMAL BHEAVIOR & ECOLOGY Binder Pages: Unit 12

Week 30: apr. 9 - 13 (saturday is prom)
Class 1 Animal Behavior Topics Behavior & Abiotic Factors ppt
Interactions: Binder p. 317
Text 39.3-39.4; Watch Bozeman's Animal Behavior
Optional: Animal Mind control by Parasites
; Nice
Work some on your lab report
Lab 1

AP Lab #12: Rolly Polly behavior: Taxis (Complete in this period)
(Alternate apparatus for Fruit Fly behavior - for teachers)

Text 39.5; Read and Bring AP Lab Manual pg. 145 - 150
Work some on your lab report
Optional: Ladybird Terrorists
Class 2

Analyze Behavior Articles (Kin selection of Belding's Squirrel - Binder pg.319+; More Animal Behavior videos

Work some on your lab report
Text 39.6; Text pg. 818-820 and 40.1 (pg. 821 - 824); 40.3
Lab 2 Population Growth & Regulation (Possible extension: Habital Planet: Interactive Labs: Disease Lab (a simulation)) (Binder pg. 333-335) Populations ppt
Choose one Biome and one human intrusion for application of concepts presentation; Discuss Abiotic and Biotic factors (Binder 331-332) as an intro to Ecology Behavior & Abiotic Factors ppt
LAB: Begin to construct Biome Presentations (Google Doc/Pairs) - Binder pg. 329
Text 40.4 - 40.5
Overview of Ecological Interactions Bozeman's Biotic and Abiotic Factors
Optional (but useful for absentees): Bozeman's Exponential Growth and Logistic Growth and Population Ecology (7 min. - Med. Animations) Mr. Knuffke's Prezi on Population Growth Review: Mr. Kuffke's Prezi on Behavior
Class 3 Equations of Population Growth; Life Histories; Human Population Growth (Binder pg. 337 (intro problems), 355 and 347+ (many problems)) Populations ppt Text 40.6 and 43.5
Watch Bozeman's r and K Selection
Work some on your lab report
Week 31: apr. 16 - 20 (3 days; Wed. - health day & Fri - skip day)
Class 1 Energy flow in ecosystems: Food chains & Webs (Binder pg. 357-359); Ecosystem Processes ppt Lab Report: Muscle Grip strength & Fatigue
Optional: Mr. Knuffke's Prezi on Ecosystem Structure
Lab 1 AP Lab #10: Energy Dynamics & Primary Productivity - Design an Experiment (Binder Pg. 361-365) Lab Primary Productivity ppt Do Intro to Population Problems (Binder pg. 337 #1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 10) Answers will be posted HERE
Do Applying Concepts to Cactus Finch (Binder 339-340) Answers will be HERE;
Finally Try Population Growth Practice Problems (Binder 347+ #4, 5, 6, 9 For #9 think about where r is maximized) Answers will be posted here;
Text 41.2 (trophic structure), 42.1-42.2
Make 2 slides/person for your biome presentation
Class 2 No Classes: Senior Health Day No Classes Today - Work on your Biome Presentation
Lab 2 AP Lab #10: Energy Dynamics & Primary Productivity (follow-up); Measure D.O. Lab Primary Productivity ppt
If time, Activity 43.1: Practicing Biology: Population Growth Rates (Binder 341+); (Possible extension: Habital Planet: Interactive Labs: Disease Lab (a simulation))
Text 42.3;
Watch Bozeman's Ecosystems;
Make 2 slides/person of your Biome presentation;
Try Population Growth Practice Problems (Binder 347+ #7, 9, 10, next are m.c. 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18-21 graph changes) Answers will be posted here
Class 3

No School for Seniors: Senior Skip Day

No School
Week 32: Apr 23 - 27 (potpourri Week)
Class 1 Evaluate Data from AP Lab Energy Dynamics (Binder pg. 367)
Energy Flow, Food Chains, & Food Webs
Do Practice Energy flow Problems (Binder p. 369)
If time available, discuss Community Structure: Succession (Binder pg. 371-372) Communities & Succession ppt
Text 41.3,
Watch Bozeman's Ecological Succession;
Make 4 slides per partner of your Biome presentiation.
Optional: Recently Discovered New Species Mr. Knuffke's Prezi on Community Interactions
Lab 1 Videos: Community Structure: (Binder pg. 371-372)
Complete Succession and discuss Interelationship Examples Communities & Succession ppt
Complete lab report on primary productivity (Binder pg. 361-367) - explained in class;
Text 41.1;
Watch Bozeman's Populations (on Population interactions) and Niche and Aposematic Coloration
Make 2 slides per partner of your Biome presentation.
Optional: Interesting story of Jerry Coyne, who has a botfly egg deposited on his head, on NPR's Radiolab (16 min).
Class 2

Finish Ecology Concepts
Ecosystem Processes ppt

Text 42.4, 43.1-43.2
Finish polishing your Biome Presentation;
Optional:
Deadly Algae in Water Supply 2014
Lab 2 Lab: Group Presentations: Biomes & Human Intrusions in Ecosystems
Review for test
Text 43.3 - 43.4;
Finish your Biome Presentation;
Optional: Global Warming - the Story Behind the Science and Mr. Knuffke's Prezi on Human Impacts and Prezi on Conservation Biology Another Human Intrusion: Drugging the Environment
Class 3 TEST: Unit #12; Chapters: 39.3-39.6, 40, 41, 42, 43 Prepare for TEST: Note your review book has an ecology review section
 
STUDY GUIDES Ch. 39: Focus Questions: 39.4, 39.5, 39.6, 39.8 Structure your knowledge: 2 Multiple Choice: 11-14, 16, 18-20
Ch. 40:
Focus Questions: 40.1 - 40.2, 40.5 - 40.9 Structure your knowledge: Matching: All Multiple Choice: All except2, 3, 5, 10, 21,
Ch. 41: Focus Questions: 41.1, 41.2, 41.3, 41.6, 41.7, 41., Structure your knowledge: 1 Multiple Choice: All except 8, 14, 15
Ch. 42: Focus Questions: 42.2, 42.3, 42.5, Structure your knowledge: 1 and 2 (Write on hte bottom of page 328) Multiple Choice: All except 9, 10
Ch. 43: Focus Questions: 43.1, 43.5, 43.6, 43.7 Structure your knowledge: 2, 3, 4 (Write on a piece of paper) Multiple Choice: 1, 2 4, 6, 8, 12, 13, 14, 15
OTHERS Objectives for Unit #12
Working with Data: Habitat Fragmentation, Wildlife Corridors,
ESSAYS 1, 18, 23, 77, 95, 115, 131, 158, 160B, 208 (b), 168A, 179, 181, 186, 189, 208, 20, 26, 50a, 61a, 104 cd, 134, 159, 168A, 174, 10, 33, 50b-c, 61b-c, 104a, 148(a), 164, 204, 12, 45, 46, 76c, 73, 85, 92, 104b, 110, 118, 140, 151, 160C, 164B, 172, 184, 194, 221, 224, 231, 237, 242, 245 (long), 246 (long) , 247, 249, Review Essays 187, 190
VIDEOS

Mr. Anderson will continue to walk you thorugh the last topics of the year:
- Behavior & Natural Selection
- Response to External Environments - Address hibernation & Migration & Temperature control
- Cellular Cooperation (Bozeman)
- Abiotic & Biotic Factors- distinctions
- Populations (& Communities)
- Exponential Growth (Equations) & Logistic Growth (Equations)
- Population Modeling in Spreadsheets
- Communities and Ecological Succession
- Biodiversity
- Ecosystems & Populations Food Chains, Primary Productivity, Logistic Growth
-
Ecosystem Change
- Homeostatic Disruptions - Includes Brown Tree Snake


Kristina Gremski tries her hand with
Energy Transfer in Ecosystems - Food Chains
Water & Carbon cycles
Nitrogen & Phosphorus cycles

Harvard's Invasive Species Tutorial
Marmosets learn by watching one another (J. Nature)




 UNIT #13

 REVIEW FOR THE AP BIOLOGY TEST

Week 33: April 30 - May 4 (MON.- LAST DAY FOR SENIORS; MAY PROJECTS BEGIN AP exams) Revew handouts coming
Class 1

Discuss test structure
Review Statistics and practice problems
Collect 2016 Practice Exam Scantron & Grid page

Do the 2016 Practice Exam (Review Book pages 120 -125 - multiple choice and calculation problems). Write your answers on a scantron; put the calculation answers on the grid page . Here is the look of the AP Bio Test Booklet (2013)
Of possible value: Try Virtual labs for review

NEED GRID PAGES

Lab 1

No School; Break

A

Do the 2015 Practice Exam (Review Book pages 171 - 208; ; multiple choice AND calculation problems) Write your answers on a scantron & grid sheet (I'll get you a grid sheet).
Class 2

Handback 2016 Practice Exam
Review the Calculation problems of the 2014 Exam
Complete Data Analysis Practice (Binder pg. 11 - 14)
Round Robin FRQs (5 Questions) - Whiteboards
Start Calculation Review Problems (Binder 15 - 24)

Meeting Time:
(1/2): 8:30 - 10:00 am
(5/6): 1:15 - 2:45 pm

Do the 2014 Practice Exam (review Book pages 209 - 246; multiple choice AND calculation problems) Write your answers on a scantron & grid sheet
Lab 2

Hand back the 2015 & 2014 Practice Exams
Review the Calculation problems of the 2015 & 2014 Exam
Complete the Calculation Review Problems (Binder 15-24)
AP Bio Lab Review

Meeting Time:
(1/2): 8:30 - 10:00 am
(5/6): 1:15 - 2:45 pm

 

 

Do the following:
Finish any AP Bio Practice tests that you haven't yet finished.

Do the following from the review packet:
Pages 16-24: #6, 8, 12, 13, 19, 20, 24, 28
Pg. 46 #1
Pg. 47 #2
Pg. 50 #2
Pg. 52 #3
Pg. 53 #2
Pg. 54 #3,4 (results are hard to see - 1-lawn, II-dots, III-lawn, IV-no growth)
Pg. 44 #2

You received some essay questions in class today for the 2015 and 2014 tests. Look at and make some notes for Q#2 (2014) and #5 (2013)
Finally, come with a list of topics you would most like to review.

Class 3

AP Bio Lab Review
Review - Topics - Student Choice
Details of the exam; what to bring to exam

Meeting Time:
(1/2): 8:30 - 9:15 am
(5/6): 2:00 - 2:45 pm

Do the 2017 Practice Exam ALONE, NO RESOURCES & TIMED, 90 minutes!! (review Book pages 47 - 89; multiple choice AND calculation problems; not the essays) Write your answers on a scantron & grid page.
WEEKEND:
Be Hardcore Bio

Check out some of the review videos below. Try any remaining AP Exams I have given you. Study with a friend; ask one another questions. Sleep well Sunday night!

Review Resources Mr. Anderson goes over the new AP labs (Part 1 and Part 2)
Mr. Anderson reviews: Homeostasis, Natural Selection, Speciation, Cell Communication,
Some Free AP Bio Review Questions at https://www.learnerator.com (can also purchase an upgrade) and their new (2016) upgrade: https://www.albert.io/ap-biology
Math Bench - Biology Modules
Mr. Knuffle's Review Powerpoints - Nice Syntheses: Evolution, Matter, Energy, Information, Regulation, Communication, Interactions
Week 34: May 7 - May 11 (Bahe at Biology DreYland) - Prepare on your own

Week 35: May 8

Mon., May 14

AP BIOLOGY EXAM
7:45 am -- in the Multipurpose Room
Be on time - in fact, BE EARLY!! Bring pencils, pens and a watch!! Bring a 4-function, non-programable calculator (some will be available).
Good Luck!!